Production Rises; Construction Advances

The first quarter of the year concluded with good news. An estimated 504 million metric tons (Mt) of total construction aggregates was produced and shipped for consumption in the United States in the fourth quarter of 2013, an increase of 4 percent compared with that of the same period of 2012, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The estimated annual output of construction aggregates produced for consumption in 2013 was 2.04 billion metric tons (Gt), an increase of 3 percent compared with that of 2012.

An estimated 292 million Mt of crushed stone was produced and shipped for consumption in the United States in the fourth quarter of 2013, an increase of 3 percent compared with that of the same period of 2012. The estimated annual output of crushed stone produced for consumption in 2013 was 1.19 Gt, a slight increase compared with that of 2012.

The estimated U.S. output of construction sand and gravel produced and shipped for consumption in the fourth quarter of 2013 was 212 Mt, an increase of 6 percent compared with that of the same period of 2012. The estimated annual output of construction sand and gravel produced for consumption in 2013 was 848 Mt, an increase of 4 percent compared with that of 2012.

New construction is up as well. New construction starts in March advanced 7 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of $521.4 billion, according to McGraw Hill Construction, a division of McGraw Hill Financial.

Nonresidential building picked up the pace after its lackluster performance at the outset of this year, while nonbuilding construction managed a moderate gain. Meanwhile, residential building settled back as single-family housing remained sluggish. During the first three months of 2014, total construction starts on an unadjusted basis were reported at $107.4 billion, down 2 percent from the same period a year ago.

Highway construction in March increased 26 percent, while bridge construction climbed 45 percent.

“The slow start for construction activity in early 2014 can be attributed to tough winter weather conditions, in combination with the up-and-down pattern that’s frequently been present during the hesitant upturn witnessed over the past two years,” stated Robert A. Murray, chief economist for McGraw Hill Construction. “This is particularly true for nonresidential building, which bounced back sharply in March after depressed activity in January and February, alleviating some concern that its recovery may be stalling. Nonresidential building’s potential for more growth in 2014 is being supported by a rising volume of bank lending directed at commercial real estate development, more energyrelated manufacturing projects, and signs that the institutional building sector is finally turning the corner after five years of decline. Nonbuilding construction in 2014 is seeing a less severe pullback for electric utilities compared to last year, although public works is generally proceeding at a slower clip. Residential building so far in 2014 is benefitting from more strength for multifamily housing, yet the loss of momentum for single family housing in the first three months of 2014 stands out relative to the steady gains registered in 2012 and most of 2013.”

Nonresidential building
Nonresidential building in March jumped 24 percent to $176.3 billion (annual rate), regaining upward movement after declines in January (down 9 percent) and February (down 7 percent). The often volatile manufacturing plant category provided much of the lift in March, surging 140 percent after a weak February. Large manufacturing facilities that reached groundbreaking in March included these energy-related projects – an $800 million methanol chemical plant in Texas, a $400 million upgrade to an oil refinery in Minnesota, an $80 million crude oil terminal in New Mexico, and a $56 million biomassto- gasoline refinery in Louisiana.

The commercial categories in March edged up 1 percent, refl ecting a mixed pattern by individual structure type. Office construction continued its ascent from low levels, advancing 17 percent in March with the help of these large projects – a $160 million office building at the Fan Pier site in Boston, a $100 million tenant fitout at One World Trade Center in New York, an $87 million office building in Austin Texas, and an $83 million office building in Houston. Through the first three months of 2014, the top five metropolitan areas ranked by the dollar amount of new office starts were – New York, Houston, Boston, Washington DC, and San Antonio.

Hotel construction in March increased 19 percent, with the support of $95 million for the hotel portion of a $200 mixed-use facility at the Mall of America in Bloomington Minn., Store construction in March receded 6 percent, although it did include $65 million for the retail portion of the mixed-use facility at the Mall of America. Warehouse construction in March dropped 45 percent, experiencing a pause from its well-established upward trend.

The institutional side of the nonresidential building market grew 30 percent in March after a subdued February. Healthcare construction surged 64 percent, in a departure from its generally fl at pattern of activity over the past few years, refl ecting the March groundbreaking for an $820 million Kaiser Permanente hospital in San Diego.

The educational building category in March improved 18 percent, with the support of such projects as a $64 million geosciences building at the University of Colorado/Boulder, a $64 million classroom facility at Rutgers University in New Brunswick, N.J., a $50 million high school in North Little Rock, Ark., and a $46 million renovation to a vocational school in Tyngsboro, Mass.

Of the smaller institutional structure types, the public buildings category was unusually strong in March, rising 125 percent with the start of a $317 million federal courthouse building in Los Angeles and a $105 million addition to a countycourthouse building in St. Louis. The amusement-related category advanced 44 percent in March, and included groundbreaking for such projects as a $120 million university sports arena in Champaign, Ill., and $110 million for renovation work at the Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in Flushing, N.Y. Church construction and transportation terminal work showed weaker activity in March, falling 14 percent and 28 percent, respectively.

Nonbuilding construction
Nonbuilding construction, at $136.5 billion (annual rate), increased 6 percent in March. Support for the nonbuilding total came from a 170 percent jump for electric utilities, which included the March start of three very large projects – a $1.2 billion natural gasfi red power plant in Florida, a $364 million natural gas-fired power plant in Oregon, and a $350 million wind-power facility in Maine.

The public works categories overall in March retreated 8 percent, as the result of a 53 percent drop for miscellaneous public works (site development, pipelines, mass transit) and a 10 percent slide for water supply construction. The other public works categories showed growth in March relative to February. Bridge construction climbed 45 percent, boosted by the start of the $585 million Gerald Desmond Bridge Percentment project in Long Beach, Calif. Highway construction in March increased 26 percent, and included a $109 million lane widening project in Texas.

Through the first three months of 2014, the top five states ranked by the dollar amount of new highway and bridge projects were – Texas, California, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, and Virginia. Gains were also reported in March for sewer construction, up 17 percent; and river/harbor development, up 11 percent.

Residential building Residential building in March settled back 2 percent to $208.6 billion (annual rate). The multifamily side of the housing market retreated 9 percent from its elevated February amount, although March was still 17 percent above the average monthly pace for multifamily housing during 2013.

The large multifamily projects that were reported as March starts were located primarily in the Northeast, including a $400 million apartment building in New York, a $330 million apartment building in Brooklyn, N.Y., a $144 million apartment building in Jersey City, N.J., and a $74 million apartment complex in Westwood, Mass.

Single-family housing in March was essentially unchanged from February, and since the most recent peak was reached in October 2013 construction activity has been fl at or down for five straight months. By geography, March showed slight gains in the Midwest (up 4 percent), the South Atlantic (up 2 percent), and the Northeast and South Central (each up 1 percent), while the West retreated (down 6 percent).

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